Centos安装supervisor,守护Redis进程

前言

  基于业务问题,项目中增加了redis,用于缓存和队列。但是现在只是在单服务器上安装部署,没有购买其他的像阿里云式的服务, 也没有搭建主从。
   这样就导致了问题,如果redis进程意外卡死,那么业务就无法进行,这是不允许的,所以想到进程守护的东西,能自动监听,就想到了supervisor。
  supervisor是一个客户机/服务器系统,它允许用户监视和控制unix操作系统上的许多进程。它可以很方便的监听、启动、停止、重启一个或多个进程。用Supervisor管理的进程,当一个进程意外被杀死,supervisort监听到进程死后,会自动将它重新拉起,很方便的做到进程自动恢复的功能,不再需要自己写shell脚本来控制。supervisort官网

1.安装supervisor

    sudo su - #切换为root用户
    yum install epel-release
    yum install -y supervisor
    
    systemctl enable supervisord # 开机自启动
    systemctl start supervisord # 启动supervisord服务
    systemctl status supervisord # 查看supervisord服务状态
    ps -ef|grep supervisord # 查看是否存在supervisord进程

2.配置 supervisor

创建supervisor所需目录`mkdir /etc/supervisord.d/`

创建supervisor配置文件:`echo_supervisord_conf > /etc/supervisord.conf`

编辑supervisord.conf文件:`vi /etc/supervisord.conf`

文件内容如下:

; Sample supervisor config file.
;
; For more information on the config file, please see:
; http://supervisord.org/configuration.html
;
; Notes:
;  - Shell expansion ("~" or "$HOME") is not supported.  Environment
;    variables can be expanded using this syntax: "%(ENV_HOME)s".
;  - Comments must have a leading space: "a=b ;comment" not "a=b;comment".

[unix_http_server]
file=/tmp/supervisor.sock   ; (the path to the socket file)
;chmod=0700                 ; socket file mode (default 0700)
;chown=nobody:nogroup       ; socket file uid:gid owner
;username=user              ; (default is no username (open server))
;password=123               ; (default is no password (open server))

[inet_http_server]         ; inet (TCP) server disabled by default
port=127.0.0.1:9001        ; (ip_address:port specifier, *:port for all iface) ;开启服务器访问
;username=user              ; (default is no username (open server));开启服务器访问用户名字
;password=123               ; (default is no password (open server));开启服务器访问密码

[supervisord]
user = root                  ;如果遇到权限问题,建议开启这个
logfile=/tmp/supervisord.log ; (main log file;default $CWD/supervisord.log)
logfile_maxbytes=50MB        ; (max main logfile bytes b4 rotation;default 50MB)
logfile_backups=10           ; (num of main logfile rotation backups;default 10)
loglevel=info                ; (log level;default info; others: debug,warn,trace)
pidfile=/tmp/supervisord.pid ; (supervisord pidfile;default supervisord.pid)
nodaemon=false               ; (start in foreground if true;default false)
minfds=1024                  ; (min. avail startup file descriptors;default 1024)
minprocs=200                 ; (min. avail process descriptors;default 200)
;umask=022                   ; (process file creation umask;default 022)
;user=chrism                 ; (default is current user, required if root)
;identifier=supervisor       ; (supervisord identifier, default is 'supervisor')
;directory=/tmp              ; (default is not to cd during start)
;nocleanup=true              ; (don't clean up tempfiles at start;default false)
;childlogdir=/tmp            ; ('AUTO' child log dir, default $TEMP)
;environment=KEY="value"     ; (key value pairs to add to environment)
;strip_ansi=false            ; (strip ansi escape codes in logs; def. false)

; the below section must remain in the config file for RPC
; (supervisorctl/web interface) to work, additional interfaces may be
; added by defining them in separate rpcinterface: sections
[rpcinterface:supervisor]
supervisor.rpcinterface_factory = supervisor.rpcinterface:make_main_rpcinterface

[supervisorctl]
serverurl=unix:///tmp/supervisor.sock ; use a unix:// URL  for a unix socket
;serverurl=http://127.0.0.1:9001 ; use an http:// url to specify an inet socket
;username=chris              ; should be same as http_username if set
;password=123                ; should be same as http_password if set
;prompt=mysupervisor         ; cmd line prompt (default "supervisor")
;history_file=~/.sc_history  ; use readline history if available

; The below sample program section shows all possible program subsection values,
; create one or more 'real' program: sections to be able to control them under
; supervisor.

;[program:theprogramname]
;command=/bin/cat              ; the program (relative uses PATH, can take args)
;process_name=%(program_name)s ; process_name expr (default %(program_name)s)
;numprocs=1                    ; number of processes copies to start (def 1)
;directory=/tmp                ; directory to cwd to before exec (def no cwd)
;umask=022                     ; umask for process (default None)
;priority=999                  ; the relative start priority (default 999)
;autostart=true                ; start at supervisord start (default: true)
;autorestart=unexpected        ; whether/when to restart (default: unexpected)
;startsecs=1                   ; number of secs prog must stay running (def. 1)
;startretries=3                ; max # of serial start failures (default 3)
;exitcodes=0,2                 ; 'expected' exit codes for process (default 0,2)
;stopsignal=QUIT               ; signal used to kill process (default TERM)
;stopwaitsecs=10               ; max num secs to wait b4 SIGKILL (default 10)
;stopasgroup=false             ; send stop signal to the UNIX process group (default false)
;killasgroup=false             ; SIGKILL the UNIX process group (def false)
;user=chrism                   ; setuid to this UNIX account to run the program
;redirect_stderr=true          ; redirect proc stderr to stdout (default false)
;stdout_logfile=/a/path        ; stdout log path, NONE for none; default AUTO
;stdout_logfile_maxbytes=1MB   ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB)
;stdout_logfile_backups=10     ; # of stdout logfile backups (default 10)
;stdout_capture_maxbytes=1MB   ; number of bytes in 'capturemode' (default 0)
;stdout_events_enabled=false   ; emit events on stdout writes (default false)
;stderr_logfile=/a/path        ; stderr log path, NONE for none; default AUTO
;stderr_logfile_maxbytes=1MB   ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB)
;stderr_logfile_backups=10     ; # of stderr logfile backups (default 10)
;stderr_capture_maxbytes=1MB   ; number of bytes in 'capturemode' (default 0)
;stderr_events_enabled=false   ; emit events on stderr writes (default false)
;environment=A="1",B="2"       ; process environment additions (def no adds)
;serverurl=AUTO                ; override serverurl computation (childutils)

; The below sample eventlistener section shows all possible
; eventlistener subsection values, create one or more 'real'
; eventlistener: sections to be able to handle event notifications
; sent by supervisor.

;[eventlistener:theeventlistenername]
;command=/bin/eventlistener    ; the program (relative uses PATH, can take args)
;process_name=%(program_name)s ; process_name expr (default %(program_name)s)
;numprocs=1                    ; number of processes copies to start (def 1)
;events=EVENT                  ; event notif. types to subscribe to (req'd)
;buffer_size=10                ; event buffer queue size (default 10)
;directory=/tmp                ; directory to cwd to before exec (def no cwd)
;umask=022                     ; umask for process (default None)
;priority=-1                   ; the relative start priority (default -1)
;autostart=true                ; start at supervisord start (default: true)
;autorestart=unexpected        ; whether/when to restart (default: unexpected)
;startsecs=1                   ; number of secs prog must stay running (def. 1)
;startretries=3                ; max # of serial start failures (default 3)
;exitcodes=0,2                 ; 'expected' exit codes for process (default 0,2)
;stopsignal=QUIT               ; signal used to kill process (default TERM)
;stopwaitsecs=10               ; max num secs to wait b4 SIGKILL (default 10)
;stopasgroup=false             ; send stop signal to the UNIX process group (default false)
;killasgroup=false             ; SIGKILL the UNIX process group (def false)
;user=chrism                   ; setuid to this UNIX account to run the program
;redirect_stderr=true          ; redirect proc stderr to stdout (default false)
;stdout_logfile=/a/path        ; stdout log path, NONE for none; default AUTO
;stdout_logfile_maxbytes=1MB   ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB)
;stdout_logfile_backups=10     ; # of stdout logfile backups (default 10)
;stdout_events_enabled=false   ; emit events on stdout writes (default false)
;stderr_logfile=/a/path        ; stderr log path, NONE for none; default AUTO
;stderr_logfile_maxbytes=1MB   ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB)
;stderr_logfile_backups        ; # of stderr logfile backups (default 10)
;stderr_events_enabled=false   ; emit events on stderr writes (default false)
;environment=A="1",B="2"       ; process environment additions
;serverurl=AUTO                ; override serverurl computation (childutils)

; The below sample group section shows all possible group values,
; create one or more 'real' group: sections to create "heterogeneous"
; process groups.

;[group:thegroupname]
;programs=progname1,progname2  ; each refers to 'x' in [program:x] definitions
;priority=999                  ; the relative start priority (default 999)

; The [include] section can just contain the "files" setting.  This
; setting can list multiple files (separated by whitespace or
; newlines).  It can also contain wildcards.  The filenames are
; interpreted as relative to this file.  Included files *cannot*
; include files themselves.

[include]
files = /etc/supervisord.d/conf.d/*.ini

保存退出,启动supervisor supervisord -c /etc/supervisord.conf

查看supervisor是否启动成功

查看supervisor是否启动成功:ps -ef|grep supervisord

到此,supervisor安装就完成了

3.supervisor管理

# systemctl stop supervisord
# systemctl start supervisord
# systemctl status supervisord
# systemctl reload supervisord
# systemctl restart supervisord

4.supervisor配置守护Redis

创建supervisor所需目录

mkdir /etc/supervisord.d/conf.d/
mkdir /etc/supervisord.d/logs/

创建redis进程守护文件:vi /etc/supervisord.d/conf.d/redis.ini

[program:redis]
command=/usr/local/redis/bin/redis-server /usr/local/redis/conf/redis.conf
autostart=true
autorestart=true
startsecs=3
daemonize=no
stdout_logfile=/etc/supervisord.d/logs/redis.log;

redis配置文件需要修改:

daemonize no
supervised auto

更新文件配置 supervisorctl update

启动 supervisor redis 服务:supervisorctl start redis
至此,supervisor 安装配置就结束了

致谢

感谢看到这里,希望本章可以帮到你。谢谢

This Post Has One Comment

  1. Redis服务systemctl脚本。
    配置完,重启systemctl:systemctl daemon-reload

    开机自启:systemctl enable redis.service                                                                                                                                     Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/redis.service to                                              /usr/lib/systemd/system/redis.service.
    [Unit]
    Description=Redis server daemon
    After=network.target

    [Service]
    user=redis
    group=redis
    Type=simple
    ExecStart=/usr/local/redis/bin/redis-server /usr/local/redis/conf/redis.conf
    ExecStop=/usr/local/redis/bin/redis-cli shutdown
    RestartSec=42s

    [Install]
    WantedBy=multi-user.target

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